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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池榮尉(2004)。國民小學教師團隊發展歷程之研究 —以啄木鳥教師團隊為例。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,中壢市。
  2. 吳亭芳、陳明聰、王華沛(2000)。運用輔助性科技實踐融合教育理念-e世代特殊教育。載於中華民國特殊教育年刊(頁33-46)。台北:中華民國特殊教育學會。
  3. 李惠蘭(2001)。特教班教師支援融合班教師之行動研究-以台北市立師院實小附設幼稚園為例。國立台北師範大學特殊教育學系碩士班。
  4. 胡永崇、蔡進昌、陳正專(2001)。高雄地區國小普通班教師對融合教育態度之研究。國民教育研究集刊,9,235-257。
  5. 教育部(1998a)。特殊教育法施行細則。台北:教育部。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李麗蘭(2012)。主題課程與教學調整在學前融合教育之行動研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-125。 
  2. 蔡沂蓁(2011)。公私立幼托融合教育實施現況之研究─以台東縣為例。臺東大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-99。 
  3. 韓文琳(2009)。學前教師參與融合教育現況與需求之研究。臺東大學教育學系課程與教學碩士班學位論文。2009。1-178。 
  4. 何淑如(2008)。教保人員學前融合教育職前培育課程之調查研究。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2008。1-140。 
  5. 張淑美(2008)。桃園縣國民小學實施客語教學執行成效之研究-以學校支持系統觀點。中央大學客家政治經濟與政策研究所在職碩士專班學位論文。2008。1-353。
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