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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 台灣檢驗科技股份有限公司(2006)。RoHS因應對策。
  2. 4. 台灣檢驗科技股份有限公司(2006)。WEEE因應對策。
  3. 12. 圖解資源回收與再生利用(高淑珍譯)(2002)。台北:世茂出版社。
  4. 23. 張禹晰(2004)。電子電器產品再生策略選定與成本效益評估及智慧型決策支援系統之開發。國立成功大學資源工程學系碩士論文,台南市。
  5. 29. 六標準差簡單講(樂為良譯)(2002)。台北:美商麥格羅希爾國際股份有限公司台灣分公司。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜淑齡(2009)。因應歐盟EuP環保指令之管理效能分析—以個案研究為例—。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2009。1-87。 
  2. 鄭凱駿(2007)。台灣電子電機產業應因WEEE及RoHS指令之綠色管理系統研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-96。 
  3. 蕭棋云(2008)。由永續發展法制論我國電子廢棄物規範之建構。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-161。
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