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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 丁虹(1987),企業文化與組織承諾之關係研究,國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
  2. 11. 吳培瑜(2000),人力資源發展部門實施內部行銷作為之研究,國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育研究碩士論文。
  3. 17. 李奇仁(2002),醫院志願性人力資源管理措施對志工工作滿意度與組織承諾之影響,國立高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 27. 施振榮(2000),知識再造臺灣,台灣經濟研究月刊,卷24:2,頁17-19。
  5. 33. 張嘉娟(2004),員工內部行銷知覺、企業文化差異知覺與組織承諾之關聯性研究-以集團企業子公司員工為研究對象,中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡君(2007)。法鼓山社會福利慈善事業基金會志工組織承諾之研究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-165。 
  2. 黃怡瑄(2007)。臺北市國民小學品牌管理策略與教師組織承諾關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2007。1-171。
  3. 謝志輝(2010)。政府採購法轉包相關問題之硏究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2010。1-124。
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