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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ahn, H., Cao, C. O. and H.Choe, (1996), “Tick Size,Spread and Volume”, Journal of Financial Intermediation ,vol 5, 2-22.
  2. Angel, J. J., (1997), “Tick Size, Share Prices, and Stock Splits”, Journal of Financial, vol.52, 655-681.
  3. Bacidore, J., (1997), “The Impact of Decimialization on Market Quality:An Empirical Investigation of the Toronto Stock Exchange”, Journal of Financial Intermediation, 6,92-120.
  4. Bessembinder, H., (2000), “The Tick Size, Spreads, and Liquidity:An Analysis of Nasdaq Securities Tranding near Ten Dollars”, Journal of Financial Intermediation, 9, 213-239.
  5. Bloomfield , R., & M. O'Hara. (1999), “Market transparency:who wins and who loses?” Review of Financial Studies, Spring, Vol. 12, No.1,5-35.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳功德(2016)。指數報酬與匯率報酬之相關性研究:以亞洲8個市場為例。逢甲大學國際經營管理碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-78。 
  2. 陳筑音(2006)。最佳五檔資訊內涵。政治大學財務管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-55。
  3. 王桂杰(2007)。軍人行政處分現況問題與影響之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-132。
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