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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 司徒達賢,1981年,管理策略,台北:遠流出版公司。
  2. 吳彥明,2003年,QS-9000 品質系統實施效益之研究,台南:成功大學碩士論文。
  3. 陳文輝,2002年,從ISO/TS 16949談全球佈局,品質月刊,第38卷,第4期,台北:中華民國品質管制協會出版,頁91~92。
  4. 賴士葆,1990年,科技策略與新產品發展績效相關之研究,台北科技管理論文集,台北:大葉文教基金會。
  5. Belton, V, Gear, A.E., 1985, The Legitimacy of Rank Rreveral-A Comment, Omega,Vol.17, P233~247.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林俐伶(2017)。新產品開發流程之產品轉換時程分析-以個案公司鋰電池產品分析為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-37。 
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