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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林宛瑩、許崇源,2008,臺灣集團企業之控股型態及公司治理衡量指標之研究與建議,交通大學管理學報,第28卷第1期,頁:269-312。
  2. 林郁翎、黃建華,2009,考慮公司治理之企業財務危機預警模型,東吳經濟商學學報,第64期,頁:23-56。
  3. 金成隆、林修葳與邱煒恒,2005,研究發展支出與資本支出的價值攸關性:以企業生命週期論析,中山管理評論,第13卷第3期,頁:617-643。
  4. 徐俊明,2002,財務管理,台北:新陸。
  5. 張裕任、王泰昌、吳琮璠,2009,公司治理機制與外資持股偏好關聯性之探討,管理與系統,第16卷第4期,頁:505~532。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林新葦(2012)。國際化對公司經營績效的影響:資訊透明度的中介效果。中央大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-44。
  2. 葉駿霈(2014)。法人說明會對國際化績效與創新的影響。中央大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-28。
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