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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王依殿,2010,業務人員人格特質及背景對激勵誘因重視性認知之影響,中原大學企業管理研究所管理碩士論文。
  2. 7. 吳妮妮,2009,定期貨櫃船公司員工人格特質對工作績效影響之研究,成功大學交通管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 13. 李映樺,2013,台灣非營利組織執行社會行銷之模型探討,中原大學企管研究所碩士論文。
  4. 17. 林郁蕙,2011,音樂系大學生人格特質、工作價值觀與生涯導向之調查研究,台中教育大學學報:人文藝術類。
  5. 19. 馬麒惠,2015,八年級生的人格特質與工作價值觀之關連性研究—以中原大學企業管理學系大學生為例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
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