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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣區電機電子工業同業公會(Taiwan Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers’ Association, TEEMA) (2015),「2015全球科技產業紅潮來襲 - 大陸紅色供應鏈全面崛起」,參考網址:
  2. 吳東憲,林信惠 (2015),「以風險管理與知識整合確保大型資訊專案之績效-以新建製造工廠為例」, International Journal, 7(4), 251-266。
  3. 柯志昌,謝濬鈞 (2015),「新竹都會治理指標之合理性建構研究--德爾菲技術應用暨政策意涵分析」,東吳政治學報33卷3期。
  4. 賴瑞菊 (2011),「風險可接受度探討」,國立中央大學碩士論文。
  5. Ai, J., Brockett, P. L., & Wang, T. (2013)., “Optimal Enterprise Risk Management and Decision Making with Shared and Dependent Risks.” Available at SSRN 2352485.
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