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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡澄(2009)。大學生的完美主義、自我效能與生活適應之研究(碩士論文)。取自
  2. 吳心怡(2008)。國中生的父母親職效能感與子女知覺的親子依附、自我效能感之關係研究(碩士論文)。 取自
  3. 吳嘉珍(2013)。臺北市立國民中學學生心理資本與生涯自我概念關係之研究(碩士論文)。取自
  4. 沈如瑩(2003)。國中小學生自尊與自我概念、生活適應關係之研究(未出板碩士論文)。國立成功大學,臺南。
  5. 沈碩彬(2014)。高中職教師心理資本、工作價值觀、情緒勞務與學校生活適應之徑路模式探析(博士論文)。取自
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱玉玫(2017)。國中生生涯自我概念與生涯決定困難之關聯-以社會支持為調節變項。清華大學教育心理與諮商碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-96。
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