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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Acquaah, M. (2006) The impact of managerial networking relationships on organizational performance in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from Ghana. Organization Management Journal, 3, 115-138.
  2. Adler, P. S. & Kwon, S.-W. (2002) Social capital: prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27, 17-40.
  3. Ailawadi, K. L., Beauchamp, J. P., Donthu, N., Gauri, D. K. & Shankar, V. (2009) Communication and promotion decision in retailing: a review and directions for future research. Journal of Retailing, 1, 42-55.
  4. Anderson, E. W. & Sullivan, M. W. (1993) The antecedents and consequences of customer satisfaction for firms. Marketing Science, 12, 125-143.
  5. Anderson, J. C. & Narus, J. A. (1990) A model of distributor firm and manufacturer firm working relationships. Journal of Marketing, 54, 42-58.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉大銘(2007)。探討龍葵水萃取物對紐西蘭大白兔肝病變之抑制作用。中山醫學大學生化暨生物科技研究所學位論文。2007。1-82。 
  2. 莊千慧(2007)。肝癌細胞Lysyl oxidase 表現與致癌作用機制之探討。臺北醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系所學位論文。2007。1-94。 
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