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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 129 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳心楷、宋曜廷、簡馨瑩(2010),錄影分析在教育研究中的應用。教育科學研究期刊,55(4),1-37。
  2. 吳美美(2013)。多元素養(multi-literacy)。圖書館學與資訊科學大辭典。Retrieved 2013.04.04 from:
  3. 宋曜廷、潘佩妤(2010)。混合研究在教育研究的應用。教育科學研究期刊。55(4)。97-130。
  4. 李建霖(2010a)。學習滿意度之定義與相關理論研究。屏東教大體育。13。101-107
  5. 李建霖(2010b)。學習滿意度衡量尺度、構面之理論與相關實證研究。屏東教大體育。13。108-115
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林安琪(2014)。《紅樓夢》華語文化教學設計與實踐。中原大學應用華語文研究所學位論文。2014。1-256。 
  2. 陳曉瑩(2017)。虛擬實境4D情境式學習對高中生英文學習之影響。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-165。
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