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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余思賢,孫蒨如 (2004)。華人的內隱自尊。本土心理學研究,22,329-357。
  2. 陳學志、李威震、周泰安、卓淑玲 (2002)。以內隱聯結測驗(IAT)測量國人自尊的可行性研究。測驗年刊,49(2),217-234。
  3. 陳政裕 (2013)。不同關係脈絡下華人真實自我的展現(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學,台北市。
  4. 楊國樞 (2004)。華人自我的理論分析與實徵研究:社會取向與個人取向的觀點。本土心理學研究,22,11-80。
  5. Blaine, B., & Crocker, J. (1993). Self-esteem and self-serving biases in reaction to positive and negative events: An integrative review. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard (pp. 55–85). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高銘聰(2017)。小而確實的幸福:正向情緒的頻率、正向情緒的強度與事件控制感對心理適應的影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-67。 
  2. 廖梅茹(2015)。運用藝術治療提升國中高關懷學生幸福感與自尊之研究。彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系學位論文。2015。1-132。 
  3. 李家慈(2016)。憂鬱的尋求再保證:內隱與外顯歷程。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-118。 
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