Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Becker, W., Iwase, R., Jurgens, R., & Kornhuber, H. H. (1976). Bereitshaftspotential preceding voluntary slow and rapid hand movement. The Responsive Brain, 99-102.
  2. Chiang, H., Slobounov, S., & Ray, W. (2004). Practice-related modulations of force enslaving and cortical activity as revealed by EEG. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115(5), 1033-1043.
  3. Danion, F., Latash, M. L., Li, Z. M., & Zatsiorsky, V. M. (2000). The effect of fatigue on multi-finger coordination in force production tasks in humans. Journal of Physiology, 534(1), 523-532.
  4. Deecke, L., Scheid, P., & Kornhuber, H. H. (1969). Distribution of readiness potential, pre-motion positivist, and motor potential of human cerebral cortex preceding voluntary finger movements. Experimantal Brain Research, 7, 158-168.
  5. Dettmers, G. R., FInk, G. H., Lemon, R. N., Stephan, K. M., Passingham, R. E., Silbersweig, D., et al. (1995). Relation between cerebral activity and force in the motor areas of the human brian. Journal of Neurophysiology, 74(2), 802-815.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧盟方(2008)。政府機構勞動派遣實務之研究 ─政府機構與派遣服務業之觀點。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-109。 
  2. 邱詠婷(2006)。全球化下的台北都市辯證-消費奇觀的建構與另類出路之空間生產。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2006。1-250。 
  3. 楊友仁(2005)。電子業台商之跨界生產網絡與中國大陸地方發展研究 -蘇州與東莞的比較。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2005。1-257。 
  4. 蘇敏(2002)。學校課程行政運作模式之研究--以臺北市國民小學為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2002。1-291。
  5. 金知玧(2006)。從「韓國文化熱」論東亞文化之融合。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2006。1-72。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :