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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳蓁(2005)。高職學生網路成癮相關因素及學習成就之探討。中原大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  2. 李雅萍(2003)。2003年第一季我國寬頻用戶數達226萬戶。台北市財團法人資訊工業策進會ECRC-FIND。取自:
  3. 李曉君(2006)。網路使用行為、網路成癮與親子互動關係之研究-以台南市國中生為例。 台南女子技術學院生活應用科學所碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
  4. 吳齊殷(2005)。網路文化對校園的影響。台北市政府衛生局社區心理衛生中心。取自:http://
  5. 林旻沛(2003)。大專校院學生網路成癮盛行率及認知因子之研究。國立成功大學行為醫學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
Times Cited (16) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂謂正(2009)。國中生網路成癮與青少年憂鬱症之相關研究 -以新竹縣市國中生為例-。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-87。 
  2. 嚴珮珊(2009)。高高屏三縣市國小高年級學童父母教養方式、人格特質與手足關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期諮商心理碩士專班學位論文。2009。1-148。 
  3. 黃聖雄(2009)。青少年人格特質與行為問題之關係:生活事件類型的中介作用及憂鬱狀態的修飾作用。中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-79。 
  4. 林寶春(2013)。家長運用正向行為支持策略改善子女沉迷網路之成效研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-193。 
  5. 劉宏慈(2008)。國小高年級學童家長之網路素養與教養方式。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2008。1-0。 
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