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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 170 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文科(1995)。教育硏究法。台北:五南。
  2. 吳姍耘(2000)。學習型學校經營的策略與方法。學校行政,9,32-40。
  3. 吳曉青(2000)。學習型學校建構策略之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 周昌柏(2004)。國小校長轉型領導、交易領導與教師工作滿意度關係之研究。國立花蓮師範學院學校行政碩士班論文,未出版,花蓮市。
  5. 林佩璇(2000)。行動研究和學校本位課程評鑑。載於中國教育學會(主編)。新世紀的教育願景。台北:台灣書店。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉以煥(2012)。臺北市高職校長轉型領導、教師教學自我效能與創新工作行為的關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-282。 
  2. 黃國軒(2011)。學生自治組織運作之個案研究-以一所桃園縣國中為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-244。 
  3. 陳慧娟(2010)。零體罰政策對兩位國民中學教師管教行為之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-178。 
  4. 黃東城(2010)。國民小學營造學習型學校與學校效能關係之研究-以百大特色小學為例。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-139。
  5. 黃東城(2010)。國民小學營造學習型學校與學校效能關係之研究-以百大特色小學為例。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-139。
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