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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 203 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳學志、李威震、周泰安、卓淑玲 (2002)。以內隱聯結測驗(IAT)測量國人自尊
  2. American Psychiatric Association.(2004). American Psychiatric Association Practice
  3. Psychiatric Association.
  4. Depression Project: Lifetime history of axis i psychopathology in individuals at
  5. Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research Depression Guideline Panel.(1993).
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈柏良(2015)。憂鬱反芻對於憂鬱個體於認知控制功能之影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-147。 
  2. 余君庭(2011)。大學生情緒低落者正向與負向情緒調適之探討。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
  3. 張凱評(2011)。以基模糾結模式探討憂鬱傾向之偏頭痛患者的解釋偏差。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-128。 
  4. 李明姝(2010)。基督教教牧輔導對憂鬱傾向受輔者的影響歷程分析 ~~~以「內在治癒」模式為例。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-208。 
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