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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林素雯(2003)。指導讀寫策略以提升學生科學寫作能力之行動研究。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
  2. 邱美虹(2000)。概念改變的研究的省思與啓示。科學教育學刊,8(1),1-34。
  3. 胡瑞萍、林陳涌(2002)。寫作與科學學習。科學教育月刊,253,2-18。
  4. 張春興(1994)。 教育心理學。台北:東華書局。
  5. 陳啓明(1991)。發展紙筆測驗以探究高一學生對直流電路的迷思概念。彰化師大科學教育研究所論文,未出版。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇昭芬(2014)。整合科學閱讀及寫作於國小自然科教學對學生自然科學習成就之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-205。 
  2. 陳茹玲(2011)。國小自然科教師發展科技學科教學知識 之個案研究 —以「一起來賞月」單元為例—。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-230。 
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