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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 鄭雅妃(2008) 以平衡計分卡建構關鍵績效指標-以某公司大陸昆山廠為例
  2. 5. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局 企業人力資源作業實務手冊 考才篇
  3. 9. 華芝涵 低風險性醫療器材之關係行銷研究 -以 H 醫療器材公司產品為例
  4. 10. 陳柏憲(2010)『顧客關係、品牌知名度、企業形象、服務品質、 顧客滿意度與顧客忠誠度間關係之研究』
  5. 11. 陳茂松(2007)經營策略、知識管理與創新績效之關聯性 研究-以台灣醫療器材業為例
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馬亞林(2017)。我國全民健保給付制度下影響醫療代理業者選擇代理產品因素之研究—以博而美公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-86。 
  2. 林燕姜(2017)。醫療器材優良製造規範及優良流通規範管理與內部稽核機制之研究 --以博而美企業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-116。 
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