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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 王美純、廖珮伶、廖炎智、林四海、陳政友 (2008)。飲食行爲與罹患攝護腺癌之相關性探討-以某醫學中心攝護腺癌患者爲例之配對病例對照研究。 健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌 (28),65-81。
  2. [4] 李龍騰、陳建仁、索任、陸坤泰、林瑞雄 (1997)。肺結核與肺癌:病例對照研究。台灣醫學 2,176-184。
  3. [6] 陳淑媛、余幸司、陳國熏、郭宗禮、陳建仁 (1993)。烏腳病盛行地區居民之早期砷暴露和皮膚癌之病例對照研究。台灣衛誌 12(1),1-9。
  4. [7] 廖建彰、李采娟、林瑞雄、宋鴻樟 (2006)。2000年台灣腦中風發生率與盛行率的城鄉差異。台灣衛誌 25(3),223-230。
  5. [8] Bergman, L., Meulen, J.H., Limburg, M, Habbema, J.D. (1995). Costs of medical care after first- ever stroke in The Netherlands. Stroke 26(10), 1830-1836.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡珍(2016)。三高與非三高族群冠狀動脈心臟病終身成本之比較。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-79。 
  2. 王雅婷(2017)。年輕型腦中風患者之罹病成本探討。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-41。
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