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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方至民、翁良杰、曾志弘、柯秋霜,2005。多國籍企業以在台子公司員工擔任外派中國大陸之第三國外派人員影響因素之研究:比較個案分析。人力資源管理學報,第5卷,第3期,21-47頁。
  2. 李貴惠、于卓民、司徒達賢,2009。多國公司執行區域策略對子公司的影響:貢獻型子公司組織角色的改變。管理評論,第28卷,第2期,1-23頁。
  3. 林子銘、連俊瑋,2002。知識管理:台灣企業二十一世紀生存必要之道。資訊管理學報,第9卷,117-142頁。
  4. 邱雅萍、黃銘章、盧亭均,2008。多國籍企業派任子公司高階主管影響因素之研究-代理理論觀點。人力資源管理學報,第8卷,第3期,25-48頁。
  5. 吳姵嬅,2005。子公司策略角色、投資動機、區位選擇及群聚效益之研究—以大陸台商為例。大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文。
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