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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 172 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁信中等譯(2004)。Mintzes , J. J., Wandersee , J. H., & Novak , J. D. (1999)原著。促進理解之科學評量(Assessing Science Understanding : A Human Constructivist View)台北:心理。
  2. 王雅奇(2003)。六頂思考帽訓練課程對提昇國小資優生問題解決能力成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 江美惠(2005)。創造性問題解決教學方案對資優學生創造力及問題解決能力影響之研究。資優教育研究,5(2),83-10。
  4. 吳耀明(2007)。問題本位學習在國小自然科之應用研究。新竹教育大學學報,21,35-73。
  5. 林素妃(2007)。運用概念圖教學探究國中生概念改變之研究-以「壓力」單元為例。高雄師範大學物理學系碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃妍綾(2013)。問題導向學習應用於高職經濟學課程之學習滿意度研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  2. 江玳嫻(2015)。國中綜合活動領域實施「問題本位學習」對九年級學生學習成效的影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-110。 
  3. 趙淑芳(2015)。探究取向的教學對國小四年級學童概念改變和學習興趣之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-142。 
  4. 吳小惠(2013)。國小科學教師實施問題本位學習 的困難及因應策略。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-98。 
  5. 廖欣姿(2012)。不同分組方式的問題本位學習對八年級學生批判思考能力之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-148。 
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