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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 118 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何東墀(1992)。智能不足定義的過去、現在與未來。特教園丁,7(4),1-4。
  2. 李旻青(2004)。替代性溝通訓練在國小中、重度智能障礙學童購物技能學習之成效研究。國立台南大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  3. 周台傑、詹士宜(1993)。國中智能不足學生數學應用問題解題歷程研究。特殊教育與復建學報,3,179-215。
  4. 陳台瓊(2000)。活動目錄課程對國中中重度智能障礙學生學習成效之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 徐智杰(2002)。網際網路CAI對國中智障學生錢幣使用學習成效之研究。台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃郁婕(2011)。國小中重度智能障礙學生功能性數學課程之教學研究-以時間為例。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-171。 
  2. 范立婷(2011)。國小中重度智能障礙學生功能性數學課程之教學研究-以重量為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-250。 
  3. 曾文麗(2015)。影像提示對國中智能障礙學生餐點製備技能之學習成效。彰化師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2015。1-133。 
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