Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 汪文聖 (2003)。本土精神病患照顧倫理的現象學探討。本土心理學研究,19,65-108。
  2. 李志偉、嚴嘉楓、羅慶徽、李宗楠、林金定 (2005)。 台灣地區智能障礙者的醫療利用特性與影響因素:以2001 年門診利用分析。身心障礙研究, 3,5-17。
  3. 張英熙 (2002)。特殊兒童家長的失落經驗。特殊教育季刊, 82, 16-22。
  4. 張淑雅 (2006)。腦部損傷病患照顧者出院前壓力感受與情緒反應探討。國立台灣大學護理研究所碩士論文,未發表,台北市。
  5. 楊逸鴻、周勵志 (1996)。精神分裂病病患家屬之情緒表露探討【摘要】。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究成果報告(編號:RB8610-1792),未出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭曉儀(2011)。「重度身心障礙者診斷性評估工具第二版(DASH-II)」應用在台灣重度智能障礙者之信效度研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-115。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :