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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳慧卿. (2002). 團隊衝突對選手滿意度之影響初探. 中華體育季刊, 16(4), 68-74.
  2. 吳道生, & 張國棟. (2005). 組織專案管理成熟度模式解析. 營建知訊, (269), 55-63.
  3. 戚玉樑. (2006). 知識擷取與知識表達協同程序於建構本體的概念架構. 資訊管理學報, 13(2), 193-215.
  4. 林信惠, 黃明祥, & 王文良. (2002). 軟體專案管理研究主題分析. 資訊管理學報, 9(1), 153-193.
  5. 林東清, 吳盛, & 呂婉瑜. (2003). 虛擬團隊成員角色扮演對合作績效之影響: 一個內容分析法的研究. 資訊管理學報, 9(2), 31-53.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾郁勝(2013)。應用模糊知識本體建置專案團隊人員組合。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-60。 
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