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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 史景遷 (2009),《前朝夢憶:張岱的浮華與蒼涼》,台北:時報。
  2. Meinig, D.W. (1979),The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscape Geographical Essays.,N.Y.:Oxford University Press。
  3. Miles, M., Hall, T., and Borden, I. (2000),“Introduction”,The City Cultures Reader,p.2-4,Edited by Miles, M., Hall, T. and Borden, I.,,London: Routledge。
  4. Relph, Edward (1976),Place and Placelessness,London:Pion。
  5. Sauer, C.O. (1925),“The Morphology of Landscape”,University of California Publication in Geography. Reprinted in John Leighly, ed,,Land and Life: A Selection from the Writings of Carl Ortwin Sauer,Berkeley:University of California Press,1963。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭雍蓁(2013)。圖書資訊學數位學習歷程與反應之探析─以淡江大學讀者服務課程為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-109。 
  2. 吳香瑢(2014)。臺北科技大學城意象之探討。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-205。 
  3. 李筱明(2012)。技專校院教師數位教學效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-193。 
  4. 周期進(2010)。以產業文化地景探討環境永續發展之意義 —以鐵路平溪線為例—。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2010。1-80。 
  5. 許玲睿(2013)。藝文空間意象之研究:初探臺北市中山堂之場所性。元智大學藝術與設計學系-藝術管理碩士班學位論文。2013。1-132。 
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