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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王全世(2001)。資訊科技融入教學之意義與內涵。資訊與教育,80,23-31。
  2. 王敏秀(2002)。健康與體育學習領域教師實施協同教學之研究。國立台灣師範學體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 方顥璇、廖衾儀(2005)資訊科技融入幼稚園教學之研究。國立台北師範學院學報,18(1),117-150。
  4. 沈慶珩(2004)。資訊科技融入教學之概念、應用與活動設計。教育資料與圖書館學,42(1),139-155。
  5. 施 惠(2000)。STS教學模組對國小教師教學專業知能成長的探究認知的學習歷程。科學教育學刊,8 (4),334-355。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉文山(2014)。國民小學特殊教育教師情緒管理、合作教學與幸福感關係之研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-276。 
  2. 李柏玲(2012)。實施創意教學在生活領域發展國小教師科技 學科教學知識之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-151。 
  3. 楊婷婷(2012)。國小數理教師有無使用電子白板與其TPACK之調查研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  4. 陳茹玲(2011)。國小自然科教師發展科技學科教學知識 之個案研究 —以「一起來賞月」單元為例—。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-230。 
  5. 陳韻雯(2014)。應用互動式電子白板對國中科學教師PCK發展之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-152。
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