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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮、黃瓊瑤與陳育成(2008)。投資人關係管理-代理理論與關係行銷的觀點。中原企管評論,第 6 卷,第 1 期,頁 99-114。
  2. 聶建中、林少斌和莊亨懋(2005)。「台灣半導體指數上、中、下由產業股價指數之連動性探討」。台大管理論叢,第十五卷,第二期,台北:臺灣大學管理學院,頁25-42。
  3. 廖欣儀(2014)。影響企業社會責任揭露因素之探討-代理問題的腳色。中原大學會計所碩士論文。
  4. 林金賢、黃瓊瑤與張瑞元(2012)。環境揭露與財務績效關聯性-盈餘管理之調節效果。輔仁管理評論,第 19 卷,第 3 期,頁27-54。
  5. 林宋廷(2013)。企業社會責任、公司治理與財務績效之關聯性研究。淡江大學會計系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
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