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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳惠斐(2012),書店作為一個文化/社會行動的基地:嘉義市洪雅書房/文化學會的行動與 限制,國立中正大學傳播學系電訊傳播研究所碩士論文。
  2. 陳信任(2015),從網絡關係效益分析范特喜文化創意聚落平台,中原大學企業管理學系 研究所碩士論文。
  3. 簡逸君(2012),臺灣『獨立書店』的社群經營之研究,國立台北藝術大學文化資訊學院 藝術行政與管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 鍾倫納(1993),應用社會科學研究法,臺灣商務。
  5. 林武憲(2015),獨立書店的故事風景與聲音:從《聽見書店的聲音》到《書叢中的微光》, 全國新書資訊月刊,第196 期,4 月號。
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