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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.拓樸研究所2015年2月統計數字
  2. 7.王里仁 (2005),應用RFID於物流中心即時系統之研究—以EPC規範為基礎,中原大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 8.王派榮 (2002),豐田生產方式運作之研究—台灣國瑞汽車及其協力廠之成功案例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 12.吳榮通 (2013),應用價值溪流分析於安全閥整修測試之研究,國立成功大學工業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 14.李芳齡譯(2006),Liker, J. & Merier, D.著,實踐豐田模式:第一本教你打造精實學習組織的實戰指南,台北市:美商麥格羅•希爾國際股份有限公司出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳宜庭(2016)。政府主計單位變革後對員工認同度及行政效率之影響-以某國立大學主計室為例。臺北大學會計學系學位論文。2016。1-43。
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