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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王守華(2012)。跨國婚姻移民在臺無證居留現象之研究:以東南亞外籍配偶為例。國立暨南國際大學東南亞研究所碩士論文。
  2. 石雅玫(2000)。花蓮地區國小教師議題中弖教學信念及多元文化議題調查之研究。國立花蓮師範學院多元文化教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 何青蓉(2003)。跨國婚姻移民教育的核心議題:一個行動研究的省思。教育研究集刊,49,33-60。
  4. 呂慧敏(2011)。社區多元文化融入藝術與人文領域課程之研究。國立臺北教育大學藝術與造形設計學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 余淑貞(2006)。臺北縣新移民女性的國中子女學校生活適應之研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系在職進修碩士論文
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