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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石素錦(1998)。從認知心理與社會互動談兒童英語教學-根據皮亞傑與維高斯基理論談國小英語教學實務分析。第十五屆中華民國英語文教學研討會論文集。臺北:文鶴。
  2. 吳明清(1982)。教育的科學研究方法。臺灣省教育廳。
  3. 張新仁(1983)。國中學生學習行為之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所集刊,25,35-44。
  4. 陳若男、陳昭儀、潘裕豐(2008)。台北市國民小學資優教育區分性教學之探討。資優教育研究,8(2),1-22。
  5. 陳淑麗、曾世杰、蔣汝梅(2012)。初級與次級國語文介入對弱勢低學力學校的成效研究:不同介入長度的比較。特殊教育研究學刊,37(3),27-58。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余昭儀(2016)。探討應用電子白板於英語差異化教學對學習動機與成效之影響。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-110。
  2. 黃秀惠(2017)。差異化教學對學生數學學習成就及學習動機之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-90。
  3. 魏珮君(2017)。桌上遊戲融入差異化教學對國小英語學習成就與動機研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-115。
  4. 杜芳儀(2017)。APP融入差異化教學對英語學習成效影響之行動研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-133。
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