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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Min Hang Bao, Wei Jia Qi and Yan Wang. (1989)Geometric design rules of four-terminal gauge for pressure sensors. Science Direct Journal, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 18, pp 149-156
  2. 4. Eden Steven, Jin Gyu Park, Anant Paravastu, Elsa Branco Lopes, James S Brooks, Ongi Englander, Theo Siegrist, Papatya Kaner and Rufina G Alamo.(2011). Physical characterization of functionalized spider silk: electronic and sensing properties. IOP Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, Vol. 12, pp 1468-1481
  3. 5. B. Gao, Y. F. Chen, M. S. Fuhrer, D. C. Glattli1, and A. Bachtold. (2006). Four-terminal measurements of SWNTs using MWNTs as voltage electrodes. Physica status solidi (b)
  4. Special Issue: Electronic Properties of Novel Materials, Vol. 243, pp 3399-3402.
  5. 7. 徐仲彥(2008)印刷電路板(PCB)可測試性訊號分析,私立義守大學 電子工程學系研究所碩士論文
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林庭如(2015)。糖尿病腎病變中年洗腎病患之生活經驗。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-122。 
  2. 林茂仁(2010)。比較臺灣女性中二尖瓣脫垂病患與正常個體間 各項身體參數之差異性。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-51。
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