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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.周振鋒,論股東代表訴訟的變革方向-以美國法為研析基礎,政大法學評論,第115期,2010年6月,頁243-308。
  2. 11.張心悌,企業併購時內線交易消息「明確」之判斷-最高法院102 年度台上字第1420號刑事判決,月旦裁判時報,第25期,2014年2月,頁80-93。
  3. 12.莊永丞,從美國內線交易被告持有內線消息與使用內線消息之論爭,論我國證券交易法應有之立場與態度,東吳法律學報,第23卷第1期,2011年7月,頁135-181。
  4. 15.黃宏全,消費訴訟之舉證責任-最高法院100年度台上字第104號判決觀察,月旦裁判時報,第35期,2015年5月,頁22-32。
  5. 19.賴英照,公務員是不是內部人,高大法學論叢,第3卷第1期,2007年12月,頁125-165。
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