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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余明助、李國慧、陳婉青,2005年,以階層程序分析法探討中小企業新產品開發成功關鍵因素之研究,中華管理學報, 6卷4期,頁1-17。
  2. 李慶昌、王永才、胡宜中,2015年,保險業主管培養新進業務員之關鍵知識與能力,企業管理學報,105期,頁31-57。
  3. 周宇輝、胡林煥、康正男,2013年,我國都會區申辦國際大型運動賽會運動場館發展策略之研究,臺灣體育運動管理學報,13卷2期,頁175 – 199。
  4. 邱永亮,2015年,烘焙師傅於國際競賽獲獎之關鍵因素,中原大學企業管理學系研究所未出版之碩士論文。
  5. 邱守序,2014年,自中國採購之供應鏈風險管理-以C公司為例,中原大學企業管理學系研究所未出版之碩士論文。
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