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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛筱艷、梁應平,2005,文化對於基層員工工作負荷過重、角色衝突、角色模糊與工作倦怠之影響研究,文大商管學報,8(1),55-78。
  2. 林添鵬,2009,外籍勞工人格特質、工作特性、工作承諾與工作滿意度之研究— 以營造業為例,國立臺灣師範大學工業科技教育學系在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  3. 許博淵,2005,國家文化差異對工作績效影響之研究-以高科技業菲籍、泰籍勞工為實證,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 陳啟光、顧忠興、李元墩、于長禧,2003,從跨文化觀點探討外籍勞工管理制度之建構 ─以塑化業泰籍勞工為例,人力資源學報,3(2),57-74。
  5. 陳啟杰,2005,外籍勞工犯罪與規範之研究,國立成功大學法律學研究所碩士論文。
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