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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Allen John Scott (2000). The Cultural Economy of Cities, London: Sage.
  2. 2. Allen John Scott (2010). Cultural Economy and The Creative Field of The City, Geografiska Annaler : Series B, Human Geography Volume 92 Issue 2, 115–130. doi : 10.1111/j.1468-0467.2010.00337.x
  3. 3. Andy Pratt (2011). The Cultural Contradictions of the Creative City. Culture and Society, Volume 2 Issue 3, 123-130. doi: 10.1016/j.ccs.2011.08.002
  4. 2. 李佳純(譯)(2008年)。安迪沃荷經濟學:紐約夜店引爆的億萬創意生產線(The Warhol Economy:How Fashion, Art, and Music Drive New York City)(原作者:Elizabeth Currid)。臺北市:原點。(原著出版年:2007年)
  5. 7. 黃國光(譯)(2014年)。研究方法:入門與實務(Research Methodology:A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners)(原作者:Ranjit Kumar)。臺北市:雙葉書廊。(原著出版年:2010年)
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