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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱曉萍(2009)。臺北市高職綜合職能科專業科目教師專業知能之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北科技大學,台北市。
  2. 何福田、羅瑞玉(1996)。教育改革與教師專業化。在中華民國師範教育學會主編,教育專業,1-30。台北市:師大書苑。
  3. 林清山(1992)。心理與教育統計學。台北市:東華。
  4. 林嘉鴻(2009)。私立高職教師工作壓力與教學效能相關性研究-以彰化縣市私立高職為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台中技術學院(現為國立台中科技大學),台中市。
  5. 夏惠汶(1995)。職業學校課程與教學初探。技術及職業教育雙月刊,28,32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐子喬(2014)。教師專業學習社群與教學效能關係之研究─以高職餐旅群新進教師為例。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-172。 
  2. 丘小丹(2016)。探討思覺失調症病人充權感受與健康相關生活品質之關係。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-93。
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