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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李隆盛、侯世光、許全守、張良德、林坤誼 ( 2005 )。「技職教育體系職業學校課程綱要的研訂與實施理念」。台北市:商業職業教育季刊,第96 期。
  2. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花 ( 2005 )。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析。身心障礙研究,3(2),122-136。
  3. 林怡均 ( 2009 )。臺北市職業學校廣告設計科學校本位課程發展之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 徐瑋澤 ( 2009 )。高職觀光科課程內涵發展之研究-以98餐旅群課程綱要為例。國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 教育部技職司 ( 2008 )。台灣技術及職業教育簡介。台北市:教育部。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡明哲(2014)。以個案研究法介入高職餐旅群專題製作課程之行動研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-251。 
  2. 張佳旻(2015)。工業工程與管理系學生專業能力調查與專業課程設計。朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系學位論文。2015。1-88。
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