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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林文明(2004)。宜蘭縣事實老人社區照顧現況與分析之研究。未出版碩士論文,慈濟大學社會工作研究所,花蓮。
  2. 林怡君(2006)。嬰兒潮世代進住養生村影響因素之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅大學餐旅管理研究所,高雄。
  3. 黃宗成、蔡進發、許瓊方(2006)。國人對老人養生村住宿意願之研究。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究成果報告(計劃編號:NSC94-2415-H-415-003),未出版。
  4. 翁廷碩(2000)。中高齡族群對長住型旅館需求之探究。未出版碩士論文,中國文化大學觀光事業研究所,台北。
  5. 王春祝(1992)。「銀髮族安養市場星光熠熠」。戰略生產力雜誌,441,56-62。
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