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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 253 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王國欽、陳嘉隆、周淑惠,2002,老年旅客旅遊行為之探討,觀光研究學報,第8卷第2期,101-113頁。
  2. 方淑儀,2006,國小女性教師國外自助旅行之體驗學習,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系,台北。
  3. 呂智翔,2005,應用電子商務註冊儲存庫機制整合BPEL4WS在旅遊服務之探討,碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系研究所,台北。
  4. 尚憶薇,2001,花蓮地區老年人休閒動機與休閒阻礙之研究,體育學報,第31期,183-192。
  5. 金逸雯,2004,女性休閒阻礙模式初探,大專體育,第73期,100-107頁。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林千惠(2008)。出國旅遊之體驗價值研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2008。1-141。
  2. 何芯如(2009)。應用羅序模式探討華籍旅客對科技基礎服務使用阻礙之研究-以網路預辦登機為例。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-114。
  3. 陳佩珍(2014)。陸客來臺自由行旅遊動機、旅遊阻礙、目的地意象與行為意圖之研究。高雄餐旅大學運輸與休閒服務規劃碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-177。
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