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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志宏、駱香妃、鄧秀玉、林姿宛(2012)。餐旅產業第一線員工情緒勞務、工作 倦怠與工作滿意度之研究。餐旅暨觀光學刊,9(3),151-170。
  2. 李紫雲(2004)。國際化動機、營運與績效關係之研究─以台灣餐飲業為例。未出版碩士論文,大同大學,台北。
  3. 李新民(2009)。正負向情緒對學生認知作業轉換虧損的影響。教育理論與實踐學刊,20,2-38。
  4. 李夢涵(2011)。華語導遊人員情緒勞務, 工作價值觀與工作滿意度關係之研究。未出版碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,台中。
  5. 吳建良(2006)。以情緒詞為基礎之情境資訊連結與觀察。未出版碩士論文,國立 政治大學,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張哿端(2016)。台灣連鎖餐飲業第一線服務人員工作滿意度之研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-89。
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