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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰(2002),邁向績效導向的地方政府管理,研考雙月刊,第26期,第3卷,頁4。
  2. 吳安妮(2000),策略為組織的焦點-平衡計分卡的公司如何在新企業環境中取勝,會計研究月刊,第184期,頁124-126。
  3. 林公孚(2006),績效衡量指標之涵意及範圍,品質月刊,第42期,第10卷,頁31-34。
  4. 胡學毅(2006),以平衡計分卡觀點建構醫療產業績效管理系統之研究,國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班碩士論文,台南。
  5. 陳佳妏(2006),領隊人員績效評估建構之研究-以平衡計分卡為基礎,國立高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所碩士論文,高雄。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳代婷(2011)。由中立化理論探討導遊偏差行為─以導遊阿珍罵客事件為例。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-91。 
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