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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李銘輝,1991,遊憩需求與遊客行為特性之探討,戶外遊憩研究,第4卷第1期,17-33頁。
  2. 吳逸華,1997,高雄市PUB休閒經驗之研究,碩士論文,高雄醫學院行為科學研究所,高雄。
  3. 施清發,1999,老人的休閒參與程度與休閒體驗中自由感無聊感及休閒需求間之關係,碩士論文,高雄醫學院行為科學研究所,高雄。
  4. 陳文鏞,2002 ,從休閒需求觀點探討休閒農業發展養生農場之可行性-以台中市民為例,碩士論文,逢甲大學土地管理所,台中。 張孝銘、高俊雄,2001,休閒需求與休閒阻礙之相關研究-以彰化市居民為實證,體育學報,第30輯,143-151頁。
  5. 陳泰山,2002,藥膳餐廳顧客消費行為之研究-以台中市為例,碩士論文,靜宜大學觀光事業學系研究所,台中。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳昱憲(2009)。一個後殖民角度探討-論台北市夜店的異國文化。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2009。1-95。 
  2. 趙宛萱(2013)。聖誕節期間至餐廳用餐行為之市場區隔研究:以台灣地區大專院校學生為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-94。 
  3. 瞿維新(2010)。酒吧經理人與餐廳經理人專業能力與職責比較之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-122。 
  4. 葉馨(2009)。麵包類連鎖店市場區隔與顧客忠誠度關係之研究:以山崎麵包、Mister Donut為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-115。 
  5. 黃國棟(2010)。新竹市各級學校教師休閒活動涉入及休閒效益相關之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-109。
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