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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怜雅與張鳴珊(2006)。由遊客觀點探討媽祖遶境文化與休閒之研究。嘉南學報, 32,744-757。
  2. 交通部觀光局(2008)。中華民國97年國人旅遊調查報告。台北市:作者。
  3. 吳佩默(2004)。宗教活動及其用地需求特性之比較研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣大學,台北市。
  4. 呂以榮(2006)。老中青三代對老人刻板印象之調查-以台南市為例。台灣老人保健學刊, 2(2),90-104。
  5. 林錫波、王榮錫、陳堅錐(2007)。運動性別刻板印象之探討。北體學報, 15,164-172。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉妍秀(Yen-Hsiu Liu);謝富秀(Fu-Hsiu Hsieh);寧玉麟(Yu-Lin Ning);史麗珠(Lai-Chu See)(2012)。技擊反應動作時間目標量測系統改良及信效度評估。體育學報。45(2)。93-101。 
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