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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明隆(2006)。SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北:知域數位科技股份有限公司。
  2. 林瑜珊(2011)。餐飲業正職服務員服務破壞前因與行為研究。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅大學,高雄市。
  3. 郭懿萱(2010)。黑暗的關鍵時刻:餐飲業服務破壞行為探討。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅大學,高雄市。
  4. 張旭永(2011)。以管理者角度探討餐服人員服務破壞行為。未出版碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅大學,高雄市。
  5. 曾智彥、張育如(2011)。台灣美食國際化創新營運模式開發。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局泰山職業訓練中心。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許嘉麟(2009)。台中市都會地區白頭翁歌曲的方言與音頻適應。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2009。1-49。 
  2. 彭乙庭(2014)。餐廳過度服務行為量表建構。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-65。 
  3. 陳奕全(2017)。蟬聲對鳥類鳴唱行為的干擾。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2017。1-94。 
  4. 張楊家豪(2013)。臺灣北部福山亞熱帶雨林種子雨與小苗之長期動態。臺灣大學生態學與演化生物學研究所學位論文。2013。1-157。 
  5. 林大利(2011)。破碎地景中鳥類群聚組成及棲地偏好。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2011。1-109。 
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