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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王棕祺(2008)。青少年流行文化之火星文玩具公仔設計創作(未出版之碩士論文)。中原大學,桃園。
  2. 任維廉、呂明頴、胡友維、郭禹瑄(2012)。產品相對稀缺之吸引力-以自我認同相關產品與消費者獨特性需求為干擾變數。行銷評論,9(1),43-60。
  3. 汪佳佩(2006)。台北縣市技專校院二技部應屆畢業生生涯自我效能、自我認定狀態與生涯承諾之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,台北市。
  4. 李亞傑(2007)。從商品符號消費與商品流行美學的角度探討台灣當代設計趨勢。人文暨社會科學期刊,3(1),41-55。
  5. 李盈瑩(2010)。父母管教方式、自我認同與青少年自我中心關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李士正(2011)。瞬間變速訓練對棒球選手投球球速與上肢肌力之影響。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-50。
  2. 張家瑋(2012)。瞬間變速訓練對30公尺衝刺速度之影響。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2012。1-56。
  3. 林昶廷(2015)。少年棒球選手揮棒熱身活化後增益現象之研究。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-59。
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