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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何景華(2010)。從性別與年齡探討銀髮族安康旅館服務與設備需求之差異。觀光休閒學報,16(3),189-210。
  2. 余嬪、劉季貞(2011)。銀髮族安康旅遊旅館設施重要性覺知與活動參與興趣之初探-以高雄市銀髮族為例。戶外遊憩研究,24(3),49-78。
  3. 余嬪、蕭佳琳(2012)。長者安康學習旅遊興趣與住宿相關服務重要性覺知。觀光休閒學報,18(2),111-134。
  4. 吳彬安(2008)。我國發展健康保健旅遊可行性模式之探討。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  5. 李青松、劉德彥(2011)。銀髮族參與旅遊動機與阻礙之回顧研究。運動休閒餐旅研究,6(2),30-58。
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