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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 209 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛筱艷(2010)。國際觀光飯店員工工作滿意度與服務品質關係之研究-以員工性別為干擾變數。多國籍企業管理評論,4(1),1-12。
  2. 王萬昌(2010)。人格特質、工作滿意度與組織承諾之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學,臺北市。
  3. 王榮貴、廖本裕、施孟隆(2010)。民宿經營者人格特質、領導能力、經營績效之研究-以臺東縣為例。農業經營管理年刊,16,1-20。
  4. 余泳樟、陳文正(2011)。E運動行銷公司員工工作滿意度與工作投入研究。輔仁大學體育學刊,10,249-310。
  5. 余鑑、于俊傑、廖珮妏(2008)。連鎖餐飲業員工人格特質、工作特性、工作滿意度之研究-以美式星期五餐廳為例。臺北科技大學學報,41(2),83-110。
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