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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何玉珍與胡欣慧(2008)。消費者對量販店自有品牌食品購買意願之研究。餐旅暨家政學刊,5,3-20。
  2. 李明聰與甘志展(2007)。國家公園遊客對綠建築旅館之願付價格研究-以墾丁國家公園為例。中華建築學刊,3(2),1-14。
  3. 李堅明與陳建智(2010)。企業脆弱性指標建構與評估之研究。都市與計畫,37(1),71-96。
  4. 李新民、陳密桃與陳鳳玉(2005)。評量幼兒實用智能的視訊化情境判斷量表之建構。測驗學刊,52(2),61-93。
  5. 林若慧、翁振益與李佳恩(2010)。遊客知識與團體套裝旅遊購買意願之關係:兼論客製化的調節作用。餐旅暨家政學刊,7(3),209-233。
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