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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李明儒、陳雅捷 (2010)。島嶼遊客體驗價值、滿意度以及重遊意願之研究-以澎湖吉貝嶼、七美嶼爲例。休閒產業管理學刊,3(1), 1-18。
  2. 林谷隆(2013)。開放陸客自由行對台灣觀光產業影響研究。未出版博碩士論文,淡江大學,新北市。
  3. 林晏州、陳惠美與顏家芝(1998)。高雄都會公園遊客滿意度及相關因為之研究。戶外遊憩研究,11(4),59-71。
  4. 林雲燦、莊翔達、張良漢(2009)。休閒農業區遊憩地吸引力對遊客重遊意願之影響。運動與遊憩研究,4(1),153-166。
  5. 侯錦雄、姚靜婉(1997)。市民休閒生活態度與公園使用滿意度之相關研究。戶外遊憩研究,10(3),1-17。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭智元(2015)。遊客旅遊動機、遊憩體驗、旅遊滿意度對重遊意願影響之研究-以不一樣鱷魚生態休閒農場為例。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2015。1-137。 
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